UNB/ CS/ David Bremner/ teaching/ cs2613/ assignments/ CS2613 Assignment 5


This assignment is based on the material covered in Lab 14 and (particularly) Lab 15.

The goal of the assignment is to develop a simple query language that lets the user select rows and columns from a CSV File, in effect treating it like database.

General Instructions

Reading CSV Files

We will use the builtin Python CSV module to read CSV files.

def read_csv(filename):
    '''Read a CSV file, return list of rows'''

    import csv
    with open(filename,'rt',newline='') as f:
        reader = csv.reader(f, skipinitialspace=True)
        return [ row for row in reader ]

Save the following as "~/fcshome/assignments/A5/test1.csv"; we will use it several tests. You should also construct your own example CSV files and corresponding tests.

name,   age,    eye colour
Bob,    5,      blue
Mary,   27,     brown
Vij,    54,     green

Here is a test to give you the idea of the returned data structure from read_csv.

def test_read_csv():
    assert read_csv('test1.csv') == [['name', 'age', 'eye colour'],
                                     ['Bob', '5', 'blue'],
                                     ['Mary', '27', 'brown'],
                                     ['Vij', '54', 'green']]

Parsing Headers

The first row most in most CSV files consists of column labels. We will use this to help the user access columns by name rather than by counting columns.

Write a function header_map that builds a dictionary from labels to column numbers.

table = read_csv('test1.csv')

def test_header_map_1():
    hmap = header_map(table[0])
    assert hmap == { 'name': 0, 'age': 1, 'eye colour': 2 }

Selecting columns

Use your implimentation of header_map to write a function select that creates a new table with some of the columns of the given table.

def test_select_1():
    assert select(table,{'name','eye colour'}) == [['name', 'eye colour'],
                                                   ['Bob',  'blue'],
                                                   ['Mary', 'brown'],
                                                   ['Vij',  'green']]

Transforming rows into dictionaries

Sometimes it's more convenient to work with rows of the table as dictionaries, rather than passing around the map of column labels everwhere. Write a function row2dict that takes the output from header_map, and a row, and returns a dictionary representing that row (column order is lost here, but that will be ok in our application).

def test_row2dict():
    hmap = header_map(table[0])
    assert row2dict(hmap, table[1]) == {'name': 'Bob', 'age': '5', 'eye colour': 'blue'}

Matching rows

We are going to write a simple query languge where each query is a 3-tuple (left, op, right), and op is one of ==, <=, and >=. In the initial version, left and right are numbers or strings. Strings are interpreted as follows: if they are column labels, retrieve the value in that column; otherwise treat it as a literal string. With this in mind, write a function check_row that takes a row in dictionary form, and checks if it matches a query tuple.

def test_check_row():
    row = {'name': 'Bob', 'age': '5', 'eye colour': 'blue'}
    assert check_row(row, ('age', '==', 5))
    assert not check_row(row, ('eye colour', '==', 5))
    assert check_row(row, ('eye colour', '==', 'blue'))
    assert check_row(row, ('age', '>=', 4))
    assert check_row(row, ('age', '<=', 1000))

Extending the query language

Extend check_row so that it supports operations AND and OR. For these cases both left and right operands must be queries. Hint: this should only be a few more lines of code.

def test_check_row_logical():
    row = {'name': 'Bob', 'age': '5', 'eye colour': 'blue'}
    assert check_row(row, (('age', '==', 5),'OR',('eye colour', '==', 5)))
    assert not check_row(row, (('age', '==', 5),'AND',('eye colour', '==', 5)))

Filtering tables

Use you previously developed functions to impliment a function filter_table that selects certain rows of the table according to a query.

def test_filter_table1():
    assert filter_table(table,('age', '>=', 0)) == [['name', 'age', 'eye colour'],
                                                    ['Bob', '5', 'blue'],
                                                    ['Mary', '27', 'brown'],
                                                    ['Vij', '54', 'green']]

    assert filter_table(table,('age', '<=', 27)) == [['name', 'age', 'eye colour'],
                                                     ['Bob', '5', 'blue'],
                                                     ['Mary', '27', 'brown']]

    assert filter_table(table,('eye colour', '==', 'brown')) == [['name', 'age', 'eye colour'],
                                                                 ['Mary', '27', 'brown']]

    assert filter_table(table,('name', '==', 'Vij')) == [['name', 'age', 'eye colour'],
                                                         ['Vij', '54', 'green']]

def test_filter_table2():
    assert filter_table(table,(('age', '>=', 0),'AND',('age','>=','27'))) == [['name', 'age', 'eye colour'],
                                                                              ['Mary', '27', 'brown'],
                                                                              ['Vij', '54', 'green']]

    assert filter_table(table,(('age', '<=', 27),'AND',('age','>=','27'))) == [['name', 'age', 'eye colour'],
                                                                               ['Mary', '27', 'brown']]

    assert filter_table(table,(('eye colour', '==', 'brown'),
                               ('name','==','Vij'))) == [['name', 'age', 'eye colour'],
                                                        ['Mary', '27', 'brown'],
                                                        ['Vij', '54', 'green']]